A stroke occurs when the supply of blood to the brain is either interrupted or reduced. The brain does not receive enough oxygen or nutrients as a result, and brain cells begin to die. Every year, over 800,000 people worldwide suffer from a stroke. This works out to almost one person every 40 seconds. To avoid brain damage, strokes must be recognized and treated as soon as feasible.
This page will describe why strokes happen and how they’re treated, as well as the many types and preventative measures that can be taken.
Categories of Stroke:
There are three main types of stroke:
The most common sort of stroke is this one. A blood clot blocks the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain.
Aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations are common causes of this condition, which happens when a weak blood artery ruptures (AVMs).
Ischemic transient attacks:
These are also known as mini-strokes and occur when blood flow to a portion of the brain is cut off. After a short period of time, normal blood flow returns, and symptoms disappear.
Some stroke risk factors, such as your age and family history, are unavoidable. However, there are still many things you can do to reduce your risk of stroke, such as getting adequate exercise, eating a nutritious diet, and managing other risk factors.
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How to prevent stroke?
Here are some simple strategies to begin minimizing your stroke chances today, before a stroke occurs:-
- Get Regular Exercise
A lack of exercise has been linked to a variety of health issues, including stroke. Exercise may aid in the prevention of stroke by lowering other risk factors such as high blood pressure and obesity. Healthy individuals should engage in at least 40 minutes of moderate to intense aerobic exercise three to four times per week, according to the American Stroke Association. This level of intensity suggests that you should be working hard to breathe and your pulse rate should be high.
- Eat a Healthy Diet
A nutritious diet can help to decrease blood pressure, which is one of the leading causes of stroke. Blood pressure can be raised by being overweight or obese, eating too much salt, or eating too little potassium. Table salt isn’t the main source of salt in the diet. According to new research, eating a diet high in potassium-rich fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and lowering saturated fat levels can help avoid stroke.
- Manage High Blood Pressure
Ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes are both linked to high blood pressure. With aging, blood pressure, specifically systolic blood pressure, normally rises. According to some research, even persons with normal blood pressure at the age of 55 had a 90% probability of having high blood pressure later in life. Exercise, a low-sodium diet, and keeping a healthy weight can all assist to keep blood pressure in the normal range. Your blood pressure should be monitored at least once a year to help you manage your stroke risk.
- Reduce High Cholesterol
High total cholesterol has been linked to a higher risk of stroke in numerous scientific investigations. Statins, cholesterol-lowering medicines, may be administered to help reduce your risk of clogged arteries in addition to adopting good eating habits that emphasize fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats. Consult your doctor about whether medicines are good for you if you have high cholesterol.
- Quit Smoking for All Times
Smoking cigarettes increases your chances of having a stroke by double. If you are a frequent or chain smoker, quitting smoking, even if you have been smoking for a long time, can significantly lower your stroke risk.
- Take Preventive Medication
If you have a high risk of stroke, you should take anticoagulant drugs like warfarin or aspirin only after consulting a doctor to help prevent the formation of stroke-causing blood clots.
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